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The GAIN-Q3-Lite is the most basic form of the assessment. It consists of nine screeners that estimate the severity of problems and the recency of treatment participation in each life area represented. The GAIN-Q3-Lite also computes a measure of participants' quality of life. The average time to administer the GAIN-Q3-Lite is about 25 minutes.
The GAIN-Q3-Standard contains the same nine screeners as the GAIN-Q3-Lite, plus additional items that record information on the frequency of participants' service utilization and behaviors during the preceding 90 days. The GAIN-Q3-Standard provides more detailed outcome measures than the GAIN-Q3-Lite. In addition to the quality of life measure, the GAIN-Q3-Standard computes indices on the participant's prevalence of problems and quarterly costs to society. A six-item measure on current life satisfaction is also included in the GAIN-Q3-Standard. The average time to administer the GAIN-Q3-Standard is about 25 to 35 minutes.
The GAIN-Q3-MI is best suited to participants who may be in need of brief intervention. It contains the same nine screeners as the GAIN-Q3-Lite and Standard, the past-90-day items, and the measure of life satisfaction from the Q3-Standard, as well as reasons and readiness items to facilitate a motivational-interviewing session. The time to conduct the screening and brief intervention varies, depending on the number of life areas the participant reports as problematic. On average, the GAIN-Q3-MI takes about 35 to 45 minutes to administer. Following up the assessment with a motivational-interviewing intervention can take another 15 to 30 minutes, depending on how many life areas are covered
Since the GAIN-Q3-Standard provides more detailed outcome measures than the GAIN-Q3-Lite, and motiviational interviewing items are typically only asked at baseline, the Q3 Standard is recommended for use as a follow-up assessment to all versions of the Q3.
Q3 Individual Clinical Profile (Q3ICP) - This report allows clinicians a quick visual on areas of clinical significance. The Q3ICP contains information related to service utilization in every section of the GAIN-Q3, and it allows clinicians to compare these scores with the problem rating and impact of services scores. You can also view this report as generated with the GAIN-Q3-Lite and the GAIN-Q3-MI.
Q3 Personalized Feedback Report (Q3PFR) - This report is a summary of the life problems reported by the participant along with their reasons for wanting to change. The Q3PFR can be used to support motivational interviewing or brief intervention. The Q3PFR is designed for use with the GAIN-Q3-MI. You can also view this report as generated with the GAIN-Q3-Lite or GAIN-Q3-Standard, but the results will contain sections of missing information that have to be collected from the participant during a subsequent session or during motivational interviewing.
Q3 Recommendation Referral Summary (Q3RRS) - This report summarizes information from the GAIN-Q3 in narrative format. Unlike the Q3ICP, the Q3RRS is fully editable and designed to be shared with participants, referral sources, clinicians, etc. It is used to enhance and support decision making, but is not designed to replace clinical judgment. The amount of information summarized in the Q3RRS depends on the version and items reported by the participant.
Validity Report - This report summarizes possible and definite validity errors found during the course of GAIN-Q3 administration. Issues identified in the validity reports should be addressed with the participant during or immediately after the interview. Identification of validity errors helps increase the overall strength of the participant's self-report and helps ensure proper intervention and referral. You can also view this report as generated with the GAIN-Q3-MI.
You can download the most recent GAIN-Q3 Norms, calculated using GAIN-I data.
For more information, see Resources for Evaluators and Researchers.